Slide Types - Microscopy Team (2023)

As science advances, new discoveries continue to advance the field. One of the earliest discoveries was the development of a laboratory instrument called a microscope. Microscopes can see everything that is invisible to the naked eye. It is used to observe, investigate andStudy the structure of microorganisms, such as the shape of bacteriaor viruses etc. There are many types of microscopes, and their use depends on the type of sample you want to observe. simple microscope,Compound Microscope and Electron Microscopeis a common type of microscope.

A microscope consists of many components that support its function. These include eyepieces,nose, lens, stage, aperture,tiny light source,capacitorand diaphragm. Another important component is the microscope plate. In this article, we discuss this unique and important part of the microscope, the different types of slides and their uses.

Table of contents

What are slideshows?

Slide Types - Microscopy Team (1)

A glass slide is a thin rectangular piece of glass that holds a sample for viewing under a microscope. A typical slide measures 75 x 26 mm or 3 x 1 inch and is about 1 mm thick. Objects viewed under a microscope are placed on a glass slide and then placed on the microscope stage for examination.

Slides are often used with coverslips or glass slides that are placed over the specimen on the slide. Hold the sample in place. Once properly positioned, the slide is held in place by side clamps or slide clamps on the microscope. They hold framed slides in place during examination.

Foil size

The most common transparencies are the dimensions above: 75 x 26 mm or 3 x 1 inch and are about 1 mm thick. But there are other sizes of foil used for other purposes. details as follows:

  • Geological use - 75 x 50 mm
  • Petrographic Study - 46 x 27mm
  • For thin sections - 48 x 28 mm

slideshow type

Slide Types - Microscopy Team (2)

Slides are usually made of glass and plastic. Common glass types used to make microscope slides are borosilicate glass and soda glass. There are many different types of slide rails, depending on how they are installed and used. Here, let us discuss all types of slideshows in detail.

permanent slideshow

Permanent slides can last for a long time if made properly. Permanent slides mostly contain dead specimens. Evaporation of the solvent encapsulates the sample in a resin seal. Permanent slides use a curable mounting medium. Permanent slides are prepared before use and can last up to a century if installed properly. There are different types of permanent film and are marked with different abbreviations. These abbreviations are:

  • "wm" stands for total amount
  • "ls" stands for longitudinal section
  • "cs" stands for cross section
  • "sq" stands for a single pumpkin preparation
  • "sm" means point
  • "st" indicates a stained sample

temporary slideshow

Temporary slides are not suitable for long-term storage. They are used for short-term observation. Once observation and inspection are complete, the slides are discarded. These slides typically use a liquid mounting medium such as water. Wet mounted slides are considered scratch slides.

Wet Install Slides

Liquid mounting slides are temporary slides that use a liquid mounting medium such as water, glycerin, or immersion oil. It is used to observe liquid samples or samples that must remain in a liquid environment. Different embedding fluids have different refractive indices. Water is the most commonly used fixative because it is compatible with most biological samples. Glycerin is used for its excellent antiseptic properties. Immersion oil is used to embed dry samples.

These temporary wet-mount slides can be made permanent by covering the coverslip with glue or nail polish. The amount of liquid used to mount the slides is very important. Too little water will dry out or crush the sample, while too much water will cause the coverslip to slide and allow the sample to float freely. Be sure to add the appropriate amount of fixative to the sample before covering it with a coverslip.

Slide Types - Microscopy Team (3)

Dry Mount Slides

As the name suggests, dry-installation bags do not use any installation fluid. When preparing dry plates, place coverslips directly on top of dry samples. In this case, the dry sample is surrounded by air. Check for pollen and spores on dry mount slides. This type of slide is useful when there is an incompatibility between the sample and the embedding fluid. The image quality of slides mounted on dry pads is relatively poor compared to other types of slides. This is due to the difference between the refractive indices of the sample and the surrounding air.

heat fix slides

This particular type of slide does not use coverslips or coverslips. Bacterial suspensions were prepared and placed on glass slides. The water evaporates at room temperature and the slide is heated by a gas flame. Due to the heat, the sample sticks to the slide. Immersion oil was then applied to the slide sample and observed with a 100x oil immersion objective.

grid foil

This particular type of film is marked with a grid. This grid helps observers estimate sample size. Sometimes grid squares are subdivided to create finer grids and to resize small samples.


The discovery of the microscope led scientists to new ideas about the body and disease. Microscopes allow you to see tiny objects that are invisible to the naked eye. They help examine and study the microscopic structure of samples such as bacteria and viruses in detail. There are many types of microscopes, and there are many microscope parts. This article is specifically designed to help you understand the types of slideshows. The different types of slides include permanent slides, temporary slides, wet slides, dry slides, heat-fixed slides, and grid slides. The difference between these types depends on how they are placed.

frequently asked questions

How do you prepare your slides?

simple stepsprepare a slideThis involves placing the specimen on a glass slide, applying a drop of water, oil, or other embedding solution to the specimen, and then gently placing the coverslip on the specimen.

What are prepared slides?

These are prepared slides, i. H. This specimen has been preserved and stained. Preservation is usually accomplished by using chemicals to hold the sample in place.

What is microscope oil?

Microscope oil is called immersion oil. It increases the resolution of the microscope by reducing the refraction of light between the immersion objective and the coverslip.

What is a coverslip or coverslip?

These are flat, thin sheets of glass, 20mm wide and less than a millimeter thick. Place it on top of an object on a glass slide for viewing under a microscope. It holds the object being observed in place and provides the necessary physical support.


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