What are the names of Jesus' brothers and sisters? - proven way (2023)

Table of Contents
What were the names of the brothers and sisters of Jesus? What are the names of Jesus' sisters? Is James the biological brother of Jesus? Who were the 3 Marys on the cross? Did Jesus have Catholic brothers and sisters? Did Jesus have a twin brother? What were the names of Jesus' brothers? What was the last name of Jesus' parents? Who was the disciple? Who is Jesus' cousin? What is the name of Jesus' wife? How many Marys were present at the crucifixion? Who was the angel at Jesus' tomb? Who was Jesus' father? Does Jesus have a wife? Where are you Jesus? Who were the brothers of Jesus? Did Jesus have a twin brother? Names of the brothers and sisters of Jesus What happened to the brothers and sisters of Jesus? 3 lessons from the brothers of Jesus They were brothers and sisters, not cousins. Who were the brothers and sisters of Jesus? older brothers younger brothers brothers by name Founder of the Protestant Reformation How early church leaders downplayed the influence of Mary Magdalene by calling her a prostitute What the Bible says about Mary Magdalene Mary Magdalene as a sinner Mary Magdalene as Jesus' wife Mary Magdalene as a trusted disciple Mary of Clopas - SpeedyLook-Enzyklopädie Apparitions in the Gospels apocryphal writings Clopa's identity Mary of Cleophas and the brothers of Jesus references The Bible speaks today: The surname of Jesus has an ancient meaning San Jose Who was Saint Joseph? fact and fiction marry Mary death and holiness fact check I'm sorry Roy Moore. Joseph was not twice as old as Mary. Videos

What were the names of the brothers and sisters of Jesus?

What are the names of Jesus' sisters?

In addition to his father and mother, Jesus had five brothers: James (Ya'qov) and Simon (Shim'on) and his brothers: Judah and Yehudah, Joses and Yosef, and Thomas (Toma'). She also had two sisters, Rachel (Rakhel) and Lea (Le'ah), who were her best friends.

Is James the biological brother of Jesus?

In his interpretation of Matthew 1:25, the statement that Joseph "knew her not until she gave birth to her firstborn son" means that Joseph and Mary continued to have normal marital relations after the birth of Jesus and that Mary and Joseph were natural children James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon, Jesus' half brothers, and that Joseph and Mary had normal marital relations after Jesus' birth.

Who were the 3 Marys on the cross?

The Virgin Mary, Mary Magdalene and Mary of Cleophas are known as Las Tres Maras or the Three Marys. They are often depicted at the site of Jesus Christ's crucifixion or at his tomb.

Did Jesus have Catholic brothers and sisters?

Jesus was the only son of his parents. Mary's clothes were not thrown away by her siblings. However, when the gospels refer to the brothers of Jesus or the apostle Paul to the “brothers of the Lord,” these words – translated from the Greek – actually refer to the relatives or cousins ​​of Jesus, according to Catholic tradition. , and not your brothers. .

Did Jesus have a twin brother?

According to Pullman's interpretation of the story, Jesus had a twin brother named Christ, who is also called Christ. "I was fascinated by the distinction between the two parts of the name Jesus Christ, which we often use interchangeably," explains Pullman. "It was the contrast between the two parts of the name of Jesus Christ that intrigued me."

What were the names of Jesus' brothers?

The brothers and sisters of Jesus James, Joseph/Joseph, Judas/Judas and Simon are all mentioned as brothers of Jesus son of Mary in the Gospel of Mark (6:3) and the Gospel of Matthew (13:55). . -56). The same lines also refer to the unnamed sisters of Jesus, who are mentioned in passing.

What was the last name of Jesus' parents?

To be bornw. 4 v. Kingdom of Judea, Roman Empire
He diedAD 30 or 33 (33 to 36 years old) Jerusalem, Judea, Roman Empire
cause of deathcrucifixion
Land)Maria Jose

Who was the disciple?

Here is what Scripture says about the twelve: “He was accompanied by some ladies who had been healed of demons and diseases; many others were there, including Mary Magdalene, from whom they cast out seven demons; Juana, wife of Chuza, steward of the house of Herod; Susanne; and another.

Who is Jesus' cousin?

Mary, Elizabeth's cousin, gave birth to the baby Jesus. Elizabeth, pregnant, felt infant John the Baptist leap in her womb as she heard Mary's greeting, later believing that during their conversation he had been sanctified and cleansed from original sin. Then Maria sang the Magnificat (see there).

What is the name of Jesus' wife?

Maria Madalena does not play Jesus' wife.

How many Marys were present at the crucifixion?

A group of three Marys present at the crucifixion of Jesus; On Easter Sunday there were three Marys at Jesus' tomb; three Marias who were daughters of Santa Ana.

Who was the angel at Jesus' tomb?

Mark 16 refers to a young man, probably an angel, seated to the right of the throne. Two men, referred to as angels at Luke 24:23, appear alongside the women in Luke's story of women. Many believers in Bible inerrancy say that the various stories are explained by Mary making many trips to the tomb during her time there.

Who was Jesus' father?

Summary of the Life of Jesus He was born between 6 B.C. C. and just before the death of Herod the Great (Matthew 2; Luke 1:5) in 4 a. C., according to the oldest available evidence. According to Matthew and Luke, however, Joseph was their legal father only in the eyes of the law.

Does Jesus have a wife?

You may know that hidden under millennia of misinformation and deception, Jesus had a secret wife named Mary Magdalene with whom he had two children. They want you to be aware of that fact. They also want you to know that their book on the subject, entitled The Lost Gospel, will be available soon for $21.74.

Where are you Jesus?

Given that Jesus did in fact eat several types of meat, then the same reasoning can be applied to support eating meat that he ate throughout his life (the Bible does not specifically say that Jesus ate meat other than fish ate). , and some writers have emphasized the fact that no lamb is mentioned at the Last Supper.)

(Video) Are Satan and Jesus BROTHERS??? Ep. 112

Who were the brothers of Jesus?

Those of us who have siblings are aware of the toll they can take on our ability to remain calm under pressure. I remember thinking when I was young that I would have sinned a lot less if I hadn't had siblings. He was probably right.

Of course, if I knew myself, I would have sinned anyway, but I firmly believed in this idea for many years before realizing it. Our first thoughts are not always about the brothers and sisters of Jesus; they are more typical of Jesus himself. Because we often picture Jesus in his early years as an only child in a stable and manger, we sometimes forget that Mary and Joseph had many children after Jesus came into the world. After all, ancient Israel lacked effective contraceptives, and Mary gave birth to Jesus when she was very young. .But who are the brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ?

Are there some of them that we can encounter in the Bible? And what unexpected insights can we get from the brothers and sisters of Jesus?

Did Jesus have a twin brother?

In short, no. After Jesus' birth, the Bible makes it clear that Joseph and Mary did not have sexual relations until after Jesus' birth (Matthew 1:25). Despite this, the belief that Jesus had a twin brother continues to permeate churches today.

The notion that Jesus had a twin named "Didymus Judas Thomas" is utterly absurd, especially considering that Joseph and Mary did not have intercourse until after Jesus was born. Jesus, on the other hand, did not grow up in a family without brothers and sisters. The scriptures contain numerous references to Jesus' half brothers and sisters, and we even have some books in the New Testament written by some of these individuals. .in some names of the brothers and sisters of Jesus that appear in the Bible.

Names of the brothers and sisters of Jesus

No sisters are mentioned in the Bible. Women's names are rarely mentioned in the Bible unless they play a significant role in the story, such as Judge Deborah or Mary, the mother of Jesus, both of which are mentioned. to the brothers and sisters of Jesus.

“While Jesus was still speaking to the crowd, his mother and brothers were outside, anxious to meet him,” says Matthew 12:46. As a result of the following verses, we know that Jesus had sisters. of his sisters here with us?” says Matthew 13:56. "How did he get all these things?" you may be wondering. Joseph, Simon and Judas (Judas Iscariot) (aka Judas). What is now happening to some of these brothers will be discussed in detail later.

We can assume that Jesus had at least six siblings since the Gospels refer to them as sisters (plural) and four are called brothers. The number of children he has is not given in the Gospels. However, we do not know that Jesus is the firstborn, and the firstborn had responsibilities regarding the care of his brothers and other relatives, so Mary appeared with all of Jesus' brothers during one of their conversations, as we have been told before. Joseph was probably already dead and she needed Jesus to be the head of her family. At least since the idea of ​​Mary's eternal virginity, which says that she had no sexual relations in her entire life, this question of Jesus' half-siblings has been problematic among Christians. All objections notwithstanding, Scripture refers to these individuals as Jesus' brothers, and for the purposes of this essay we shall refer to them as half-brothers.

What happened to the brothers and sisters of Jesus?

Although Mary initially supports Jesus' work, when it becomes difficult she urges him to retire and return home to care for his family as recorded in Matthew 12. In the New Testament we learn nothing about what happened to Jesus. Mary's family from Jesus until much later in the book of Matthew. The New Testament story is dominated by two of Jesus' brothers, James and Jude, and we know that they play an important role in it.

As we have seen, James and Jude must have had some reservations about Jesus at first since they came with Mary to prevent Jesus from continuing his teachings. These two, however, later became Christians. After his conversion, James became pastor of a church in Jerusalem and later wrote the book of James. He served as a pastor of the church for over ten years until he was martyred in AD 62. Depending on the circumstances, he was stoned or thrown from the temple tower. Judas, Jesus' half-brother, continues to write a book that will be included in the New Testament, despite ongoing debates about his true relationship with Jesus and his rightful place in the family.

The Book of Judah As you might have guessed, Judas identifies himself in the Bible as the brother of James (Jude 1:1). Aside from the fact that Judas was converted after Jesus returned to Heavenly Father's presence, we don't know much about his life. In other words, the entire time that Jesus was on this planet, he did not believe in the existence of God. As for the rest of Jesus' brothers, we know that many of them converted and left to complete missionary missions (1 Corinthians 9:5). It is not known if they all chose to bond with him to save lives, but it is likely that a significant number do.

3 lessons from the brothers of Jesus

Although we do not learn much about Jesus' brothers and sisters from the scriptures, we can learn some important truths from them. First, Jesus' relationship with his brethren shows that he fully understands every element of our existence. He understands what it's like to grow up in a family with people who don't always agree.

Although ancient Israel did not have the same individualistic worldview as we do today, there was sibling rivalry and competition between brothers and sisters. Jesus was completely innocent in his relationships with his brothers and that says a lot about him. Jesus' brothers expressed skepticism. Although his mother initially supported his ministry, after Joseph's death they wanted Jesus to become a carpenter again and take care of the rest of the family. Until Jesus ascended to heaven, James and Judas did not accept him as their Lord and Savior. We may have family members who are just as hostile to our Christian faith.

We can take comfort in Jesus' example, knowing that not even his own family supported him during his trial. Finally, we know that many members of Jesus' family later became Christians. This can encourage those of us who have family members who are not yet dedicated to Christ. Not only did James and Judas become Christians, but one of them became the leader of a church in the city of Jerusalem. Both are New Testament authors who write books for the New Testament. At least one of them becomes a martyr for their actions.

  • This shows true devotion.
  • Brethren, whether you love them or tolerate them, can be one of the most difficult groups of people to persuade to accept Christ as their Savior.
  • In the end, many of us are stubborn, and stubbornness can get in the way of developing positive relationships with others.
  • Still, we can learn from Jesus' example and discover creative ways to keep praying and set positive examples for our brothers and sisters.

Perhaps, as half brothers and half sisters of Jesus, they will understand the great goodness of our Lord. Perhaps because of our changing lives, people are curious to learn more about the hope we have and ask us to shed light on what caused this change in us. When it comes to our brothers and sisters, we need to ask God for patience and prayer. Let him show you the many ways you can love her.

Fuentes She is an author of numerous novels and a graduate of the Professional Writing program at Taylor University. Hope Bolinger lives in Nashville, Tennessee. More than 1,200 of her writings have been published in a variety of magazines, from Writer's Digest to Keys for Kids and everything in between. As a writer and editor, she has worked for many different publishers as well as magazines, newspapers, and literary agencies, collaborating with authors such as Jerry B. Jenkins and Michelle Medlock Adams. The One-Day Daniel Trilogy published by IlluminateYA is now available.

  1. She is also co-author of the duology Dear Hero, published by INtense Publications to positive reviews.
  2. Her inspirational adult novel Picture Imperfect is also due out in November 2021.
  3. You can learn more about them by visiting their website.
  4. People of Christianity is a collection containing biographies, importance and importance of well-known figures from the Bible and history.
  5. This item is part of the People of Christianity catalogue.
  6. Here are some of the most popular articles to learn more about key figures in Christian history.

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The Bible tells the story of King Solomon. Who was Lot's wife in the Bible and what was her name? The biblical character Jezebel was a woman named Jezebel. Who was the prodigal son and what was his story?

They were brothers and sisters, not cousins.

2:12 12 JOHN 2:12 After this he and his mother, and his brothers and his entourage, went to Capernaum, where they stopped for a short time. Who was with Jesus, his followers, and Mary on their journey to Capernaum? The “brothers” of Jesus (John 2:12).

Jesus had brothers, didn't he? Yes, and there are also sisters. How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have altogether? After all, is this the offspring of the tectons? Is your mother's name Maria? 56 Are not your brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas and your sisters all here with us?

″And where did this man get all this stuff from?″ you might ask. (Matthew 13:55-56; Mark 10:45-46). Is it possible that "brothers" refers to people who trusted Jesus? Because Jesus' brother did not believe in him, those who believed in him were referred to as "his disciples," as mentioned above at John 2:12. and guys? The above Greek word for "brothers" (adelphoi), when used in the broader sense of "brothers", may also refer to more distant relatives, "brothers" in the broader sense, but this usage does not fit in the context of the family anterior closely central. : The string "father, mother, brothers and sisters" matches, but the string "father, mother", "father, mother, relatives and sisters" does not. Could Jesus' "brothers" be his half-siblings from Joseph's previous marriages before his marriage to Mary, as some have speculated?

  • Since Joseph was not the original father of Jesus, all of the brothers and sisters of Jesus mentioned above were biological half brothers and sisters of Joseph, the biological father of Jesus.
  • However, the fact that Joseph was married before Mary is not supported by any evidence.
  • Joseph's children from previous marriages would have joined him and Mary at Bethlehem in Judea for registration in the census ordered by Augustus Caesar, provided Joseph had children from previous marriages.
  • With that in mind, what does this say about Mary's alleged virginity throughout her life?

A myth created by those who deify Mary and want to twist the meaning of the words "brothers" in Matthew 13:55-56 for their own ends. However, there is another passage in Matthew that you cannot ignore: “Then Joseph awoke from his sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife, whom he did not know, until she bore his son . Oldest son. (See Matthew 1:24-25.) As is clear from the context of the preceding paragraph, the term “to know” is used in the Bible to refer to sexual encounters or encounters with another person. Having no sexual relations with Mary "until" she gave birth to her firstborn son implies that Joseph had sexual relations with her thereafter.

What does the Greek word “tektonos” mean at Matthew 13:55? The Greek word tektonos (literally meaning "builder") is the origin of the term. Is that the slang for ″carpenter″? That will not do. While builders in northern Europe, where the Bible was originally translated into English, made their structures of wood, builders in Israel in Jesus' day made their structures of stone. They spent most of their time quarrying and building with stone, although they occasionally worked with wood to make doors and other accessories.

  1. The people quoted above at Matthew 13:55 do not refer to Jesus as the son of a carpenter, but as the son of a builder who put up a stone building (pictured).
  2. Where is "Capernaum" (John 2:12) located?
  3. Take a look at Capernaum.
See also: How Strong is Jesus

Who were the brothers and sisters of Jesus?

Now let's take a look at the brothers and sisters of Jesus and see what the Bible has to say about each of them.

older brothers

In the book of Exodus we learn of the 10 plagues that God imposed on the stubborn Egyptians to liberate the Hebrews from their oppressive rule. The plagues were terrible: water turning to blood, locusts, mosquitoes, and darkness to name just a few examples of what happened. The tenth plague, the last of the plagues, was the most terrible of all.

For this reason, God issued a fair warning: "I will send another plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt." After that, he releases you from his care. He will indeed cast you out when he finally decides to let you go″... Every firstborn in Egypt will perish, from the pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the slave girl who works in the mill, as well as all firstborn of the beasts, like this prophecy . "I will go through Egypt and slay all the firstborn of the earth, man and beast, and bring vengeance to all the idols of Egypt" (12:12, for example) And so it was that the firstborn in the land of Egypt was slain, it seems , both humans and animals. As a result of the fall of all the firstborn in Egypt, God declared that “I consecrated myself to all the firstborn in Israel, whether human or animal,” says the Lord. , "They are mine, they are mine". (In one.

3:13; etc.) In order to accomplish this task, a divinely devised process would be employed whereby the firstborn son of each marriage would have to be “redeemed” (entrusted) to God; hence the name of the ritual, The Redemption of the Firstborn Son...or Pidyon haben as it is known to modern Jews. This ritual is performed only for the eldest child, who also opens the uterus, and is performed 30 days after birth. If the firstborn son is not born to a man, the ritual is not performed: “Consecrate to me every firstborn son; everything that opens the womb among the Israelites, whether human or animal, is mine... “It is necessary that you redeem every human firstborn of your children. (Exodus 13:2 & 13) As a result of Jesus' dedication to God at the age of thirty days, we can be sure that he had no older sisters or brothers: "If the days of his purification according to the law of Moses, they brought him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, as it is written in the law of the Lord: "Every man that opens his womb shall be consecrated to the Lord"! (Luke 2:22-23; cf. when taking part in the ritual, the father declares: “This is my firstborn son, and his mother's firstborn son.” This also shows that Jesus had no older brothers.

younger brothers

This also has no effect on younger siblings. When Jesus died on the cross, "when he saw his mother there and the disciple whom he loved, he said to his mother, 'Woman, here is your son,'" he said to his mother. Then he turned to the disciple and said: "Here is your mother." Therefore from that moment on the disciple received her into his house" (John 19:26-27).

According to Jewish tradition, younger siblings should take care of their parents after the death of older siblings. However, since Jesus had no younger siblings, he entrusted John with the responsibility of taking care of his mother. “Perhaps he was the oldest of the surviving apostles. Perhaps he was "the one whom Jesus loved," as the saying goes (John 13:23). Participation.

Then there is Mary, who is said to have given birth to "his firstborn son" (Luke 2:7). The prefix “o” (prototokos) is used in Greek to show that Jesus is the one who must present himself to God (or sacrifice himself, depending on the situation) and that it is he who inherits all rights of the kingdom of God. To give freely, Jesus declares: "All that the Father has is mine." Therefore I told you that he will take what is mine and make it known to you" (John 16:15). Because “the Father and I are one”, as the saying goes (John 10:30).

brothers by name

So who exactly are these brothers and sisters listed by name in the gospel of Mark as belonging to Jesus? . “Your sisters are not our neighbors here,” Jesus says in Mark 6:3. Manuscripts of the Testament and the language of Christ.

"Since there was no standard designation for cousin, nephew, half-brother, or half-brother in these languages, they had to be based on the word brother or a 'paraphrase' such as 'son of Paul's sister' (Acts 23:16 ), which clearly indicates this that he becomes close to Paul's nephew. “When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the word adelphos was used to encapsulate all of these connotations,” P. Saunders later explains. .So we have to consider the context in which the title is used in each case.” For example, when Spanish speakers (or French speakers) talk about their parents, they use the word “mis priests” (“mes padres” in French), which "my parents" means. When referring to aunts, uncles, cousins ​​and other relatives, the word "my parents"/"my parents" is still used. This also applies to other languages, including English.

The Gospels provide more information about the "brethren" mentioned above. María de Clopas had two sons, Santiago and José, who were related (Mc 15:40). Judas was the son of James (not an apostle) and a traitor (Luke 6:16). James the Less was the younger brother of Alphaeus (Luke 6:15). They were sons of Zebedee who had another mother besides our most holy mother, Mary, and their names were James the Greater and John (Mt 20:20). But why these four?

  • His relationship to Jesus was documented in the works of the church father and historian Eusebius.
  • All unanimously declared Simeon, the son of Cleopas, who is also mentioned in the Gospel, worthy of the episcopal throne of this community," writes Eusebio in his Church History, when describing the process of electing a successor to Santiago (head of the Church in Jerusalem) who had been martyred.
  • He was, as the saying goes, the Savior's cousin.
  • According to Hegesippus writing this, Cleopas was Joseph's brother.″ So... Uncle Cleopas was a relative of Jesus!
  • "There were others, descendants of one of the so-called brothers of the Redeemer, whose name was Judas..." the author repeats.
  • And then there's this...
  • The next bishop was elected after James the Just was killed in martyrdom, as was the Lord according to the same account.
  • Simeon, son of Lord Clopas' uncle, was the next bishop.
  • Since he was a cousin of the Lord, everyone wanted to make him second bishop”.

Founder of the Protestant Reformation

Mary's perpetual virginity was upheld even by the three fathers of the Reformation: Martin Luther, Hulrych Zwingli, and John Calvin, all of whom were devoted to teaching. Children save it,” said Martin Luther. "Brothers" in this context actually means "cousins," for the Bible and Jews often refer to cousins ​​as brothers." (Sermons of John, chapters 1-4, 1537-39; Sermons of John, chapters 1-4, 1539) "To to deny that Mary remained 'untouched' before, during and after the birth of her son would be to deny the power of God,” writes Zwingli. ... God regarded Mary as superior to all other creatures, even saints and angels, because it was her purity, innocence, and unshakable faith that mankind was called to emulate.

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It was his last pamphlet, 'Fidei expositio', that he wrote... There is a particularly strong emphasis on the subject of Mary's continued virginity.” Paraphrasing John Calvin: “He claims that she was the mother of Jesus, and at the same time it is uses the phraseology of the Hebrew language, which includes cousins​​and other relatives under the name "brothers". better said: “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator, who consecrated to us this day when the virgin mother, fertile in the womb and intact in her virginity, gave birth, made visible to us by whom, when he was invisible , she also was created.″ A virgin who conceives, a virgin who gives birth, a virgin who conceives, a virgin who gives birth, and a virgin who endures are all examples of virginity.″What surprises you about that? like, oh man? (Sermons 186, verse 1)

How early church leaders downplayed the influence of Mary Magdalene by calling her a prostitute

She was Mary Magdalene, one of the first disciples of Jesus of Nazareth and one of the most famous women in the world. It is said that she traveled with him, witnessed his crucifixion and was one of those informed of his death. Resurrection, all according to Scripture. Everyone from early church officials and historians to authors and filmmakers have contributed to revising and expanding the story of Mary Magdalene throughout history. On the one hand, they downplayed her importance by claiming that she was a harlot, a ruined woman who repented and was saved by the teachings of Christ. On the other hand, they emphasized her worth by saying she was a prostitute, a ruined woman who repented and was saved by the teachings of Christ.

Mary Magdalene, on the other hand, is presented in various early Christian writings as more than just a successor; She is also portrayed as Jesus' intimate companion, which some take as his wife's suggestion. Which begs the question: is there any truth to these stories? What exactly do we know about Mary Magdalene, the lady believed to be the most fascinating woman in the Bible? APPEARANCE: Jesus: a biography in the vault of HISTORY

What the Bible says about Mary Magdalene

However, only the Gospel of Luke discusses Mary Magdalene's role in the life and ministry of Jesus, counting her among "some women who were healed of demons and diseases" (Luke 8:1-3). The Testaments (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) record the presence of Mary Magdalene at Jesus' crucifixion, but only the Gospel of Luke discusses her role in His life and ministry. According to Luke, when Jesus was casting seven demons out of her, Mary joined a group of women who were walking with him and his twelve disciples/apostles to "preach the good news of the kingdom of God." They "preach the good news of the kingdom of God." Although Magdalena is not a surname, it is associated with the city of Magdala, located in the Galilee in the northernmost area of ​​ancient Palestine, from which Mary (now northern Israel) hails. In the words of Robert Cargill, associate professor of classical and religious studies at the University of Iowa, who is also editor of the Biblical Archeology Review, "Mary Magdalene was one of the earliest supporters of Jesus." points out that it was significant. There were hundreds if not thousands of followers of Jesus, but we do not know the names of most as far as we know.

Therefore, it is significant that she was identified." and eventually Jesus' disciples fled the scene. According to the Gospels, on Easter Sunday, alone (according to the Gospel of John) or accompanied by several women, Mary went to Jesus' tomb and found that the tomb was empty "It's the ladies who go to the students and fill them in on what happened, Cargill points out. This is crucial, since they're the ones who discovered that Jesus rose from the dead. After the Gospel of John turns After his resurrection, Jesus personally addressed Mary Magdalene and asked her to inform his followers of his coming (John 20:1-13).

See also: Where Jesus Met Zacchaeus

READ MORE: What Was Jesus Like When He Lived?

Mary Magdalene as a sinner

Because of, or perhaps because of, the obvious importance of Mary Magdalene in the Bible, some Western church leaders have attempted to minimize her power by portraying her as a sinner, primarily a prostitute according to the Bible. In Cargill's words, "There are many scholars who believe that some of the men who were to rule the early church later felt uncomfortable because Jesus made women so powerful early in his career, such as becoming a prostitute." Early church leaders confused Mary with other women mentioned in the Bible to portray her as the original penitent prostitute Jesus wipes the feet of Jesus with her tears, wiping them and anointing them (Luke 7:37-38), as well as another Mary, Mary of Bethany, which also occurs in Luke, Pope Gregory the Great cleared up this confusion in a sermon in AD 591, saying: "We think that Mary, whom Luke calls a wicked woman and whom John calls Mary, who is Mary from whom, according to Mark, seven demons were cast out.” “By becoming a prostitute, she has lost her importance.” This has a negative effect on her in some way.

Look at what he did at one job and you can see why he couldn't have been a manager,” adds Cargill. “Of course the second option was to take Maria to the next level. wife or girlfriend instead of her mother. "She had a special place in the world." READ MORE: The Bible says Jesus was a real person. Is there more evidence?

Mary Magdalene as Jesus' wife

While some early Christians wished to downplay Mary's influence, others sought to single out her as a source of inspiration. Several centuries after the death of Jesus, the Gospel of Mary, a document from the second century AD. Discovered in Egypt in 1896, Mary Magdalene has more wisdom and influence than Jesus' male disciples. It was also mentioned extensively in the so-called Gnostic Gospels, a collection of books thought to have been written by early Christians as early as the second century AD, but not discovered until 1945 near the Egyptian city of Nag Hammadi and were written in Greek.

According to one of these manuscripts, he referred to Mary Magdalene as a friend of Jesus and said that Jesus loved her more than the other disciples. This document is known as the Gospel of Philip. he kisses Maria "often upon her". Damage to the script has rendered the last word illegible, while some scholars have substituted the word "mouth" for the term illegible. It has been consumed by millions of readers around the world. The premise of the novel revolves around the long-held belief that Jesus and Mary Magdalene had children together.

This concept was also central to The Last Temptation of Christ, a 1955 novel by Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis, which was later adapted into a film directed by Martin Scorsese, and the film adaptation of the novel. the discovery in 2012 of a previously unknown papyrus fragment believed to be a copy of a second-century narrative in which Jesus referred to Mary Magdalene as "my wife," according to Harvard Divinity School professor Karen King. it changed its mind after being bombarded with criticism, concluding that the so-called "Gospel of the Wife of Jesus" was probably a hoax after defending the document's validity.

Mary Magdalene as a trusted disciple

The Bible, on the other hand, gives no indication that Mary Magdalene was the wife of Jesus. Jesus and sometimes also the names of their husbands. The portrayal of Mary Magdalene as a prostitute persisted for decades after Pope Gregory the Great declared her official in his 6th-century homily, although neither Orthodoxy nor Protestantism embraced her when their respective religions diverged in the late 19th century seceded from the Catholic Church. Finally, in 1969, the Church recognized that the text of the Bible did not support such an interpretation. , Anglican and Lutheran, and her feast day is celebrated on July 22 in all four denominations.

According to Cargill's conclusion, "Mary appears to have been a disciple of Jesus." "It is striking that Jesus had male and female disciples in his then infrequent ministry," says the author. He notes that while the prostitute and wife hypotheses have been around for centuries, they are stories and customs that developed long after the fact: "None of these are found in the Bible itself." MORE FOR INFORMATION SEE: The Evolution of Christian Thought

Mary of Clopas - SpeedyLook-Enzyklopädie

Saint Mary of Clopas
Maria de Clopas – Sant'Andrea della Zirada Venedig
Myrrh Bearer
worshiped intoEastern Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church
CelebrationMay 23 (Orthodoxy) April 24 (Catholicism)

In the Gospel of John, Mary of Cleophas (Ancient Greek: K, Mara htou Clpá) was one of the women who witnessed Jesus' crucifixion and brought arrangements for his burial, as recorded in the Gospel of Matthew. It is not clear from the Greek text whether Mary was the daughter of Cleopas or his wife, although exegesis has generally supported the translation "wife of Cleopas" as the more likely meaning of the phrase. According to Hegesippus, Hegesippus recognized Clopas as the brother of Saint Joseph. His memory is celebrated on April 24th together with Santa Salomé in the Roman Martyrology. Mary of Cleophas is considered one of the three Marys, along with Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James, who were present at Jesus' tomb.

His relics are found in two places in France: the Church of Saintes Maries de la Mer and the Church of the Virgin of the Sea.

Apparitions in the Gospels

Only in John 19:25 is Mary of Cleopas specifically identified as one of the women who witnessed Jesus' crucifixion: "Beside the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother's sister, Mary of Cleopas and Mary Magdalene. ' says the author of the Gospel of John. Identical passages from the Gospels of Mark and Matthew are found in both books and are nearly identical: Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and Mary the mother of the sons of Zebedee. (See Matthew 27:56 for more information.) There were other ladies watching from afar, including Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and Joseph, and Salome who were present. (Matthew 15:40) As a result, some scholars have suggested that Mary of Cleopas is the same person as "Mary the mother of James and Joseph/Joseph." When referring to the four brothers of Jesus, the Gospels of Matthew (13:55-56) and Mark (6:3) specifically mention James and J. Joseph/Joseph (Mark generally using the less common form "Joseph") . underneath. According to certain readings, Mary herself was one of the women who went to the tomb on the morning of Jesus' resurrection to anoint Jesus' body with aromatic spices on that occasion.

In Matthew 28:1 she is referred to as "the other Mary" to separate her from Mary Magdalene, but in Mark 16:1 she is referred to as "Mary the mother of James" (Mary Iacobi in Latin).

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apocryphal writings

The apocryphal Gospel of Philip (3rd century) seems to name Mary of Cleopas as a member of Jesus' female retinue, much like the Gospel of John: among those who accompanied the Lord at all times were Mary, his mother, and his sister , and Magdalene, the woman whom the apostles called their companion. His sister, mother and partner were all named Maria, just like him. refer to them as Jesus' mother's sister (″su hermana″) and Jesus' own sister (″su hermana″) (″su hermana″). Pseudo-Matthew (7th century) describes Mary of Clophas as the daughter of Clophas and Anna: Jesus appeared to them accompanied by his mother Mary and sister Mary of Clophas, to whom God the Lord Clophas had given his father and his mother Ana., because they sacrificed Mary, the mother of Jesus, to the Lord. She was given her mother's name, Maria, as a consolation for her parents' grief.

Clopa's identity

It is not clear whether Mary in the Greek text was Cleopas' daughter or his wife, although exegesis generally supports the translation 'wife of Cleopas' as the more likely meaning of the phrase. Clopas is mentioned in early Christian sources, among other things, as Joseph's brother and as the father of Simeon, the second bishop of Jerusalem. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, who was inspired by the works of Hegesippus, after the destruction of the city, the Christians of Jerusalem unanimously proclaimed Simeon, the son of Cleopas, of whom the Gospel also speaks, the episcopal throne in the parish of Jerusalem ... in the year AD 70, according to Book III, Chapter 11. He was said to be the Savior's cousin. Clopas was Joseph's brother, according to Hegesippus, who relates this.

Based on this identification, José would be considered brother-in-law to María de Clopas. Clopas was sometimes called Cleofás and Alfeo, father of Santiago, who was one of the Twelve Apostles along with Clopas. As late as 1982, the late Stephen S. Smalley, Dean Emeritus of Chester Cathedral, ruled that such an identification was "probable". Half sister of Mary, mother of Jesus, according to medieval legend.

Mary of Cleophas and the brothers of Jesus

As part of his defense of Mary's perpetual virginity, Jerome (347-420) claimed that Jesus' brothers (James, Simon, Judas and Joseph or Joseph) were descended from Mary by Cleophas, the mother's sister. they were first cousins ​​of Jesus, according to Jerome's argument in Against Helvidius. later refuted. It is supported by a fragment of a medieval manuscript containing four Marys described in the Gospels, with the inscription "Papia" in the margin giving credibility to this view. It is said that "Mary was the wife of Cleopas or Alpheus, the mother of James, Simon and Thaddeus" as well as "a certain Joseph", according to Papias.

Although the attribution of this fragment to Papias of Hierapolis (c. AD 70–163) in favor of an unknown medieval author (perhaps Papias the Lexicographer, fl. 1040–1060) is disputed, the work of Anglican bishops and theologians such as J. B. Lightfoot, was supported (1828-1889). Both were born between 1825-1901), and Brooke Foss Westcott Papias would have fully supported Jerome's views and the statement appears to have been taken from Jerome's works, with certain parts practically written. for the word with what Jerome said in adv.

Helvid, as demonstrated by Lightfoot in his book The Invention of Jerome. It seems that Mary, the mother of Jesus, married a man named Clopas after her marriage to Joseph according to the above view (perhaps after his death). Tabor believes that a brother of Joseph would have been compelled to marry off his grieving wife in a levirate marriage, although this was permissible only if the previous marriage had resulted in the birth of children.


  1. A b Eusebius of Caesarea, Church History, Book III, Ch
  2. a b Herbermann, Charles, eds., History of the Church, Book III, Chapter 11. (1913). "Street. Anne" is a saint. The Catholic Encyclopedia is a resource for learning about the Catholic faith. The Robert Appleton Company, New York
  3. S. S. Smalley, New York. „Maria“, New Bible Dictionary, S. 793 (1982)
  4. Robert M. Grant, "The Mystery of Marriage in the Gospel of Philip," Vigiliae Christianae 15.3 (Sept. 1961:129-140), discusses the Old and New Testaments and Gnostic background and text.
  5. The Pseudo-Gospel of Matthew. June 19, 2018 Church History of Eusebius of Caesarea, Book III, Chapter 11 Restored, Saint Cleophas, Catholic Online
  6. Apostel Kleophas, Orthodoxes Wiki
  7. Joseph the Husband, Orthodox Wiki
  8. ″CHURCH FATHERS: The Perpetual Virginity of Mary (Jerome)″ are some additional features. http://www.newadvent.org/ Papias, the ruler of Hierapolis. Presentation of the Lord's words in their original context. Fragment X is a fragment of a longer fragment. Peter Kirby is a fictional character created by author Peter Kirby. ″Fragments of Papias. Fragment X.” biblehub.com. Accessed September 10, 2015. Accessed May 4, 2019. These four women are mentioned in the Gospel: (1.) Mary, the mother of the Lord
  9. (2.) Mary, the wife of Cleopas or Alpha, who was the mother of James the bishop and apostle, as well as Simon and Thaddeus, and a certain Joseph
  10. (3.) Mary Salome, wife of Zebedee, mother of John the Evangelist and James
  11. and (4.) Mary Magdalene. Santiago, Judas and José were all children of the Lord's aunt (2) who had two children. Tiago and João were also children of another aunt (3) of the Lord who was also their grandmother. It is possible that Mary (2), the mother of James the Less, and Joseph, the wife of Alpha, were the sisters of Mary, the mother of the Lord, whom John calls Cleophas, either of his father or of descent of the Lord clan , or for some other reason, and that she was the mother of James Minor and Joseph. María Salomé (3) receives the name Salomé from her husband or from the people of her community. ″Fragments of Papias. Fragment X.” Some believe she is the same as Mary of Clophas because she was married twice. Bible center with. Retrieved 4 May 2019. Grabe discovered this piece in a manuscript in the Bodleian Library, inscribed 'Papia' in the margin. According to Westcott, it is a section of an encyclopedia written by "a papiah of the Middle Ages." Both Oxford and Cambridge have copies of the dictionary in their libraries."
  12. a b Lightfoot, J.B.
  13. ac Lightfoot, JB (1865). You can read about “The Brothers of the Lord” on the philologos.org website. The original version of this article was published on June 18, 2018. On May 31, 2016, I received information. As a result, Papias' testimony is often cited by patristic authorities as evidence supporting Jerome's view. It is puzzling that able and knowledgeable critics could not see through such obviously fabricated fiction. ″Archived copy″. Archived from the original on 2015-11-16. This paragraph was written by Papias, a medieval namesake of the Bishop of Hierapolis who lived in the 11th century.
  14. a b ″Archived copy″. James D Tabor, James D Tabor, James D Tabor, James D Tabor, James D Tabor, James D Tabor, James D (2006). The Jesus Dynasty: A Historical Reinquiry into Jesus, His Royal Family, and the Origins of Christianity is a historical re-examination of Jesus, His Royal Family, and the origins of Christianity. Publisher is Simon & Schuster (ISBN 0-7432-8723-1).
See also: What Jesus Did in the Forty Days After His Resurrection

The Bible speaks today: The surname of Jesus has an ancient meaning

Surnames are used in the western world to identify which family you belong to or who your common ancestors are. In the Eastern world, the surname is used to identify which family you belong to. A comparable practice was observed in the ancient Middle East. In some cases, the personas were referred to as the sons or daughters of their fathers. Alternatively, if you descend from a known ancestor, you can use your name.

Because of this, persons portrayed in the Bible are usually portrayed as the son of a specific person. The apostles John and James are recognized as the sons of Zebedee, the father of Jesus. Jesus would have been referred to as "Jesus son of Joseph" in this scenario. A person's occupation, like the tax collector Matthew, or birthplace, like Jesus of Nazareth, have often been used to identify them. Our last names work the same way.

Some of our surnames are derived from the city where one of our male or female ancestors lived. Other surnames are derived from professions such as baker or carpenter. Middle East to connect someone to their father. Consider the impact of that. For example, the name Johnson means "son of John," while the name Smithson means "son of Smith," and so on.

  • A title is used in the name of Christ, not a surname.
  • Christ is the English translation of the Greek term, which literally means "anointed one." Messiah is the English translation of the Hebrew word for "redemption". The name is a direct allusion to the method used to select monarchs in ancient times. . .
  • The prophet Samuel anointed King David with oil before he died.
  • In fact, it was promised that a descendant of David would come and be a king like David but better than him.
  • (1 Samuel 16.) Consequently, the apostles referred to Jesus as the Messiah or Christ to proclaim that he was the king prophesied by the Hebrew Scriptures to restore Israel to its former glory.
  • By the title "Christ" we refer to Jesus as the prophesied and chosen final monarch of Israel and the cosmos.
  • Apparently not everyone thinks that Jesus is the Christ in the traditional sense.
  • But even non-believers are familiar with the expression, as it is closely related to it.
  • What you want to convey with it is more important than the name you give it.
  • When you refer to him as Jesus Christ, are you proclaiming that he is king?
  • Therefore God made him most high and gave him the name that is above all names, so that when he hears the name of Jesus every knee should bow in heaven, on earth and in the underworld, and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the honor of the father.
  • Philippians 2:9-11 –

San Jose

Saint Joseph was the earthly father of Jesus Christ and the husband of the Virgin Mary, according to the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, which mentions him for the first time in the book of Matthew.

Who was Saint Joseph?

Saint Joseph is a biblical figure revered in various Christian denominations as the biological father of Jesus Christ. He is venerated as a saint in many Christian denominations. In the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, Joseph appears for the first time in the Bible; in Matthew Joseph's lineage can be traced back to King David. According to the Bible, Joseph was born in 100 B.C. born. C. and later married the Virgin Mary, who would become the mother of Jesus.

He died in Israel around AD 1.

fact and fiction

Most of what we know about St. Joseph, husband of Mary and foster father of Jesus, comes from the Bible, and the few times he is mentioned are not particularly impressive. The 13 books of Paul's New Testament (the epistles) make no mention of it, and the gospel of Mark, the oldest of the four gospels, makes no mention of it. Joseph's genealogy can be traced back to King David in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, with one of them (Matthew) tracing Joseph's family tree back to King David. Furthermore, some apocryphal writings, such as the second-century Protevangelium of James and the fourth-century History of Joseph the Carpenter, further muddies the historical waters by depicting Joseph as a widower with children when he met Mary and claiming, that he lived to the end. mature age of 111 years. But these claims are false and are not recognized as such by the Church.

marry Mary

As soon as Joseph found out that Mary was already pregnant, he decided to divorce her privately, knowing that if he did so openly he would be stoned (Matthew 1:19). to disgrace her," he said, not wanting to "shame" her. spirit, and as a result Joseph decided to keep Mary as his wife. After the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, Joseph was visited again by an angel, this time to warn him and Mary of the imminent bloodshed that King Herod of Judea had inflicted on the child. The angel appeared once more, informed Joseph that Herod had died, and commanded him to return to the Holy Land.

Joseph, Mary and Jesus fled back to Egypt. Joseph, Mary, and Jesus went to Nazareth in Galilee to avoid Bethlehem and the likely actions of Herod's successor, Herod Antipas. meaning "carpenter," according to the Gospels, he probably taught Jesus his craft while he was in Nazareth. Beyond this point, the Bible does not mention Joseph's name, although his parents are mentioned twice in the story of Jesus in the temple: "both his fathers."

death and holiness

Joseph's death is not known, but it is likely that he died before Jesus' career began, and it is inferred that he died before Jesus was crucified (John 19:26-27). Joseph was already the patron saint of Mexico, Canada and Belgium when Pope Pius IX. made him patron saint of the universal church in 1870. Pope Pius XII declared May 1, 1955, in response to May, to be the "Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker." Day Celebrations of Communists in the United States.

fact check

We strive for accuracy and fairness in everything we do. If you see something that doesn't look right, let us know!

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I'm sorry Roy Moore. Joseph was not twice as old as Mary.

Alabama State Examiner Jim Ziegler turned to one of the most trusted weapons in the religious right's defense arsenal after allegations surfaced last week that Republican Senate nominee Roy Moore spent some 40 years seeking a relationship with several teenagers (and at least one of them sexually abused) have . before when Moore was in his early 30s. Ziegler's answer: the Bible. María was a teenager and José worked as a carpenter as an adult. They were adopted as parents by Jesus." It is recommended that those who adhere to Ziegler's interpretation of Scripture, and many of Moore's evangelical followers who may fall into this category, read more carefully.

There is no indication in the Bible that Joseph was a year or older than Mary. "We know practically nothing about Joseph, and the age of Joseph or Mary is not mentioned in the gospels," says Paula Fredriksen, professor emeritus of writing. at Boston University and author of Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews. "We know practically nothing about Joseph, and the age of Joseph or Mary is not mentioned in the Gospels." At that time Mary and Joseph were probably very young, if not younger, when they married. Fredriksen explains that "girls got engaged between the ages of 12 and 15 and got married some time later, around 15 or 16" and that "men were 19 or 20 at the time of marriage". Do you describe José as a kind of grandfather in old age?

As it turns out, this has absolutely nothing to do with the biblical record. According to Fredriksen, it was a later reaction to early ecclesiastical discussions about Mary's perpetual virginity that led to "Joseph's withdrawal" from the arts and public imagination. Scripture if Mary had sexual contact with Joseph she would lose her pure and chaste status which would result in his death. As a result, the theologians decided to age Joseph to remove any doubt. The debate revolves around the question of Jesus' brothers, which appears in both Mark (6:3) and Matthew (28:19).

  • (13:55-56).
  • If the brothers were the fruit of the union between Mary and Joseph, it is impossible for Mary to remain a virgin after Jesus' birth, as some scholars believe.
  • However, many in the Church thought that Mary was a virgin all her life.
  • Her perpetual virginity symbolized her complete and unwavering devotion to her role as the mother of Christ throughout her life.
  • The question of Mary's perpetual virginity reached its climax in the fourth century, when the books of the Christian Bible were collected, and was settled with the completion of the Bible.
  • The only way to explain Jesus' brothers, according to some heretical bishops (most of whom lived in the Byzantine East), was through sexual encounters between Joseph and Mary after Jesus' birth.
  • In response, the mainstream church launched a coordinated media effort to promote a collection of books known to scholars as the "Apocrypha." One of the main weapons of the campaign was a second-century Greek book known as the "Protoevangelium of James", translated as "the first Gospel of the Apostle James", which served as the centerpiece of the campaign.
  • One of several "Childhood Gospels" that circulated in the early decades of our Common Era, but were excluded from the late fourth-century edition of the Christian Bible because they contained teachings inconsistent with Scripture, was the "Proto-Gospel of James". invaluable in bridging the great generation gap that existed between José and María.
  • When Joseph is mentioned in the Bible, he is presented as Mary's now well-known older companion: a widower with grown children from a previous marriage, which served to explain Jesus' obnoxious siblings.
  • Due to fatigue and possible misfortune, the old saint claims he has no responsibility to care for a young pregnant woman.
  • "I have children, I am old and she is young," she says, meaning the children.
  • In his complaint to the high priest, Joseph laments: "I am afraid I am the laughingstock of the children of Israel," a way of emphasizing Mary's virginity". However, she was not the first to do so.
  • Joseph the carpenter is mentioned in another ancient text, The Story of Joseph the Carpenter, written in Egypt between the 6th and 7th centuries, in which Christ himself tells the story of his stepfather and states that Joseph was 90 years old when he was born. . He married Maria and died at the age of 111.
  • The hypothesis gained popularity.
  • In the Middle Ages, Joseph the Old Citizen gained prominence as a fictional character in literature and the visual arts.
  • During the Renaissance and Baroque periods, depictions of Joseph as old and gray-haired reached their peak in paintings such as "St.
  • José y el Niño Jesús”, in which a beloved grandfather José cradles the newborn Jesus in his arms.
  • Such depictions of the saint were a big hoot from the first pictures of him.
  • The fifth-century mosaics of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome depict Joseph healthy and somewhat resplendent, consistent with his occupation, which is explained in the Gospels as tekton, a Greek word that might mean carpenter but is more accurately translated from modern. English as ″construction work


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